Cart (0)
Digital Cart (0)
You can't compare with the above items. (Clear all items in the Compare list)

G.Skill SQ DDR3 2 GB (1 x 2 GB) Laptop DRAM (F3-10666CL9S-2GBSQ)

  • DDR3-1333/PC3-10666
  • SO-DIMM Memory Module
  • 204-pin Configuration
  • 9-9-9 CAS Latency

Warranty

10 Years G.Skill India Warranty and Free Transit Insurance.
Check Availability at
Invalid Pincode Entered
Available with 2 Sellers at Change
MRP: Rs. 2,500
Rs. 1,450 42% OFF
Selling Price
(Free delivery)

Sold by

Onlinezone 4.0 / 5
74% positive feedback (1,015 ratings)
  • 5 star
    545
  • 4 star
    208
  • 3 star
    82
  • 2 star
    30
  • 1 star
    150
Positive
Neutral
Negative
?
Buy with confidence when you see the 'Flipkart Advantage' badge. Products tagged with the Flipkart Advantage badge are quality checked, stocked and shipped by Flipkart. They are also backed by our Friendly Returns Policy, which allows for 30 Day Returns. Expedited delivery options such as Same Day/In-a-Day Guarantee Delivery are an added bonus. Read More

* Shipments from locations where relevant permissions have been obtained.

Delivered By

?
  • Usually Delivered in 2-3 business days.

What is the estimated delivery time?

Sellers generally procure and ship the items within the time specified on the product page. Business days exclude public holidays and Sundays.
Estimated delivery time depends on the following factors:
  • The Seller offering the product
  • Product's availability with the Seller
  • The destination to which you want the order shipped to and the Seller's location

Why does the delivery date not correspond to the delivery timeline of X-Y business days?

It is possible that the Seller or our courier partners observe a holiday between the day you placed your order and the date of delivery, which is based on the timelines shown on the product page. In this case, we add a day to the estimated date. Some courier partners and Sellers do not work on Sundays and this is factored in to the delivery dates.

What do the different tags like "In Stock", "Available" mean?

'In Stock'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Available'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Preorder' or 'Forthcoming'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Out of Stock'

Currently, the item is not available for sale. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know once it is available for purchase.

'Imported'

Sometimes, items have to be sourced by Sellers from outside India. These items are mentioned as 'Imported' on the product page and can take at least 10 days or more to be delivered to you.

'Back In Stock Soon'

The item is popular and is sold out. You can however 'book' an order for the product and it will be shipped according to the timelines mentioned by the Seller.

'Temporarily Unavailable'

The product is currently out of stock and is not available for purchase. The product could to be in stock soon. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know when it is available for purchase.

'Permanently Discontinued'

This product is no longer available because it is obsolete and/or its production has been discontinued.

'Out of Print'

This product is not available because it is no longer published and has been permanently discontinued.

Why does the estimated delivery time vary for each seller?

You have probably noticed varying estimated delivery times for Sellers of the product you are interested in. Delivery times are influenced by product availability, geographic location of the Seller, your shipping destination and the courier partner's time-to-deliver to your location.

Please enter your default pin code on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know more accurate delivery times on the product page itself.

Seller does not/cannot ship to my area. Why?

Enter your pincode on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know whether the product can be delivered to your location.

If you haven't provided your pincode until the checkout stage, the pincode in your last used shipping address will be used to check for serviceability.

Whether your location can be serviced or not depends on:

  • Whether the Seller actually ships to your location
  • Legal restrictions, if any, in shipping particular products to your location
  • The availability of reliable courier partners in your location

At times Sellers prefer not to ship to certain locations. This is entirely at their discretion.

More answers in our Shipping FAQs »

Cash On Delivery

?

How do I place a Cash on Delivery (C-o-D) order?

All items that have the "Cash on Delivery Available" icon are valid for order by Cash on Delivery.
Add the item(s) to your cart and proceed to checkout. When prompted to choose a payment option, select "Pay By Cash on Delivery". Enter the CAPTCHA text as shown, for validation.
Once verified and confirmed, your order will be processed for shipment in the time specified, from the date of confirmation. You will be required to make a cash-only payment to our courier partner at the time of delivery of your order to complete the payment.

Terms & Conditions

  • The maximum order value for C-o-D is ₹50,000.
  • e-Gift Vouchers or Store Credit cannot be used for C-o-D orders.
  • Cash-only payment at the time of delivery.
More answers in our Shipping FAQs »
May be available! Enter Pincode to confirm.
30 day Replacement Guarantee. ?
Validity Covers Type Accepted
10 days from delivery Damaged, Defective, Item not as described Replacement
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get a replacement within 10 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
30 days from delivery Damaged, Defective, Item not as described Replacement
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get a replacement within 30 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
10 days from delivery Exchange for colors and size, Does not fit Exchange
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get an exchange within 10 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
30 days from delivery Exchange for colors and size, Does not fit Exchange
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get an exchange within 30 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns»
Sold by 2 Sellers
Sort By:
Onlinezone
?
30 day Replacement Guarantee. ?
Cash on Delivery may be available! ?
4.0 / 5
74% positive feedback (1,015 ratings)
  • 5 star
    545
  • 4 star
    208
  • 3 star
    82
  • 2 star
    30
  • 1 star
    150
Positive
Neutral
Negative
  • Usually Delivered in 2-3 business days.

What is the estimated delivery time?

Sellers generally procure and ship the items within the time specified on the product page. Business days exclude public holidays and Sundays.
Estimated delivery time depends on the following factors:
  • The Seller offering the product
  • Product's availability with the Seller
  • The destination to which you want the order shipped to and the Seller's location

Why does the delivery date not correspond to the delivery timeline of X-Y business days?

It is possible that the Seller or our courier partners observe a holiday between the day you placed your order and the date of delivery, which is based on the timelines shown on the product page. In this case, we add a day to the estimated date. Some courier partners and Sellers do not work on Sundays and this is factored in to the delivery dates.

What do the different tags like "In Stock", "Available" mean?

'In Stock'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Available'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Preorder' or 'Forthcoming'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Out of Stock'

Currently, the item is not available for sale. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know once it is available for purchase.

'Imported'

Sometimes, items have to be sourced by Sellers from outside India. These items are mentioned as 'Imported' on the product page and can take at least 10 days or more to be delivered to you.

'Back In Stock Soon'

The item is popular and is sold out. You can however 'book' an order for the product and it will be shipped according to the timelines mentioned by the Seller.

'Temporarily Unavailable'

The product is currently out of stock and is not available for purchase. The product could to be in stock soon. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know when it is available for purchase.

'Permanently Discontinued'

This product is no longer available because it is obsolete and/or its production has been discontinued.

'Out of Print'

This product is not available because it is no longer published and has been permanently discontinued.

Why does the estimated delivery time vary for each seller?

You have probably noticed varying estimated delivery times for Sellers of the product you are interested in. Delivery times are influenced by product availability, geographic location of the Seller, your shipping destination and the courier partner's time-to-deliver to your location.

Please enter your default pin code on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know more accurate delivery times on the product page itself.

Seller does not/cannot ship to my area. Why?

Enter your pincode on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know whether the product can be delivered to your location.

If you haven't provided your pincode until the checkout stage, the pincode in your last used shipping address will be used to check for serviceability.

Whether your location can be serviced or not depends on:

  • Whether the Seller actually ships to your location
  • Legal restrictions, if any, in shipping particular products to your location
  • The availability of reliable courier partners in your location

At times Sellers prefer not to ship to certain locations. This is entirely at their discretion.

More answers in our Shipping FAQs »
Rs. 1,450
Overclockerszone
10 day Replacement Guarantee. ?
Cash on Delivery may be available! ?
4.3 / 5
83% positive feedback (1,251 ratings)
  • 5 star
    769
  • 4 star
    273
  • 3 star
    83
  • 2 star
    28
  • 1 star
    98
Positive
Neutral
Negative
  • Usually Delivered in 5-6 business days.

What is the estimated delivery time?

Sellers generally procure and ship the items within the time specified on the product page. Business days exclude public holidays and Sundays.
Estimated delivery time depends on the following factors:
  • The Seller offering the product
  • Product's availability with the Seller
  • The destination to which you want the order shipped to and the Seller's location

Why does the delivery date not correspond to the delivery timeline of X-Y business days?

It is possible that the Seller or our courier partners observe a holiday between the day you placed your order and the date of delivery, which is based on the timelines shown on the product page. In this case, we add a day to the estimated date. Some courier partners and Sellers do not work on Sundays and this is factored in to the delivery dates.

What do the different tags like "In Stock", "Available" mean?

'In Stock'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Available'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Preorder' or 'Forthcoming'

For items listed as "In Stock", Sellers will mention the delivery time based on your location pincode (usually 2-3 business days, 4-5 business days or 4-6 business days in areas where standard courier service is available). For other areas, orders will be sent by Registered Post through the Indian Postal Service which may take 1-2 weeks depending on the location.

'Out of Stock'

Currently, the item is not available for sale. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know once it is available for purchase.

'Imported'

Sometimes, items have to be sourced by Sellers from outside India. These items are mentioned as 'Imported' on the product page and can take at least 10 days or more to be delivered to you.

'Back In Stock Soon'

The item is popular and is sold out. You can however 'book' an order for the product and it will be shipped according to the timelines mentioned by the Seller.

'Temporarily Unavailable'

The product is currently out of stock and is not available for purchase. The product could to be in stock soon. Use the 'Notify Me' feature to know when it is available for purchase.

'Permanently Discontinued'

This product is no longer available because it is obsolete and/or its production has been discontinued.

'Out of Print'

This product is not available because it is no longer published and has been permanently discontinued.

Why does the estimated delivery time vary for each seller?

You have probably noticed varying estimated delivery times for Sellers of the product you are interested in. Delivery times are influenced by product availability, geographic location of the Seller, your shipping destination and the courier partner's time-to-deliver to your location.

Please enter your default pin code on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know more accurate delivery times on the product page itself.

Seller does not/cannot ship to my area. Why?

Enter your pincode on the product page (you don't have to enter it every single time) to know whether the product can be delivered to your location.

If you haven't provided your pincode until the checkout stage, the pincode in your last used shipping address will be used to check for serviceability.

Whether your location can be serviced or not depends on:

  • Whether the Seller actually ships to your location
  • Legal restrictions, if any, in shipping particular products to your location
  • The availability of reliable courier partners in your location

At times Sellers prefer not to ship to certain locations. This is entirely at their discretion.

More answers in our Shipping FAQs »
Rs. 1,800
Buy with confidence when you see the 'Flipkart Advantage' badge. Products tagged with the Flipkart Advantage badge are quality checked, stocked and shipped by Flipkart. They are also backed by our Friendly Returns Policy, which allows for 30 Day Returns. Expedited delivery options such as Same Day/In-a-Day Guarantee Delivery are an added bonus. Read More

* Shipments from locations where relevant permissions have been obtained.

How do I place a Cash on Delivery (C-o-D) order?

All items that have the "Cash on Delivery Available" icon are valid for order by Cash on Delivery.
Add the item(s) to your cart and proceed to checkout. When prompted to choose a payment option, select "Pay By Cash on Delivery". Enter the CAPTCHA text as shown, for validation.
Once verified and confirmed, your order will be processed for shipment in the time specified, from the date of confirmation. You will be required to make a cash-only payment to our courier partner at the time of delivery of your order to complete the payment.

Terms & Conditions

  • The maximum order value for C-o-D is ₹50,000.
  • e-Gift Vouchers or Store Credit cannot be used for C-o-D orders.
  • Cash-only payment at the time of delivery.
More answers in our Shipping FAQs »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
10 days from delivery Damaged, Defective, Item not as described Replacement
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get a replacement within 10 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
30 days from delivery Damaged, Defective, Item not as described Replacement
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get a replacement within 30 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
10 days from delivery Exchange for colors and size, Does not fit Exchange
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get an exchange within 10 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns »
Validity Covers Type Accepted
30 days from delivery Exchange for colors and size, Does not fit Exchange
If you have received a damaged or defective product or it is not as described, you can get an exchange within 30 days of delivery at no extra cost.

When does this guarantee not apply?

The guarantee does not extend to:
  • Digital products and services (Flipkart eBooks & music downloads).
  • Innerwear, Lingerie, Socks, Jewellery Freebies and Clothing Freebies
  • Damages due to misuse of product or Incidental damage due to malfunctioning of product.
  • Any consumable item which has been used or installed.
  • Products with tampered or missing serial numbers.
  • Items that are returned without original packaging, freebies or accessories.
  • Any damage / defect which are not covered under the manufacturer's warranty.
  • Made-to-order/Custom Jewellery.
More answers in our Cancellations & Returns»

Key Features of G.Skill SQ DDR3 2 GB (1 x 2 GB) Laptop DRAM (F3-10666CL9S-2GBSQ)

  • DDR3-1333/PC3-10666
  • SO-DIMM Memory Module
  • 204-pin Configuration
  • 9-9-9 CAS Latency
  • Unbuffered
  • 166 MHz Memory Clock Speed
  • 1 x 2 GB DRAM Structure

Specifications of G.Skill SQ DDR3 2 GB (1 x 2 GB) Laptop DRAM (F3-10666CL9S-2GBSQ)

Memory
Memory Clock 166 MHz
CAS Latency 9/9/2009
Technology DDR3 SDRAM Memory
General
Pins 204-pin
Memory Standard DDR3-1333/PC3-10666
Brand G.Skill
Series SQ
Memory Type 2 GB 1333 MHz DDR3 SO-DIMM
Part Number SQ
Buffered/Unbuffered Unbuffered
Error Check Non-ECC
Compatible Device Laptop
Model ID F3-10666CL9S-2GBSQ
Burst Length 8
Power
Test Voltage 1.5 V
Warranty
Domestic Term 10 Years
Warranty Type Limited
Was the product specification helpful?
Yes
No
Thanks for your vote!
Please write your feedback before submitting.

Please Note: All products sold on Flipkart are brand new and 100% genuine

Reviews of G.Skill SQ DDR3 2 GB (1 x 2 GB) Laptop DRAM (F3-10666CL9S-2GBSQ)

4.6

Average Rating

Based on 18  ratings

Have you used this product?

Rate it now.

Write a Review

Top reviews

'Top Reviews' lists the most relevant product reviews only. Show ALL instead?

★★★★★
★★★★★

Gurpreet Grover

Jan 15, 2015

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Nice product.

I bought it for my lenovo x120e thinkpad. It works well on my notebook.
delivered on time. product was packed nicely and with proper warranty card.
★★★★★
★★★★★

Pranav Mahajan

Sep 15, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Nice product and quality

I am using this ram on my toshiba laptop. It is running very smoothly. It was easy to install. Quality is also good.
★★★★★
★★★★★

Bhaskar Bhattacharya

Sep 10, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Good product

Bought this for my Sony Vaio Laptop which has only 2GB of ram installed, working flawlessly. Gskill rocks.
★★★★★
★★★★★

Akash Manna

Aug 27, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Great product with great price tag

This is the great product.The Performance of the product is really good.This ram boost your laptop with great performance.and flipkart is always great in shipping.Quick delivery by flipkart.Thanks Flipkart.
★★★★★
★★★★★

Adarsh Girish

Jul 24, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Value for money

This is good value for money RAM for really old laptops with DDR3 ram.

Its not very fast (533 only), but it is adequate to upgrade your RAM for multi tab browsing, watching HD movies or making your office software a bit more snappier.

Gaming laptop owners should look elsewhere
★★★★★
★★★★★

Anil Kumar

Jul 16, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Perfect for Dell N5010 Laptops

First of all thanks for perfect on time delivery by Flipkart.

Now coming to review of this RAM. Its good and making my system more fast. Earlier I had 2Gb ram in my Dell Inspiron n5010, So I upgraded to 2+2 GB. as far as this ram's compatibility is concerned, it works will dell laptop.

It would like to share a tweak which needs to be done before you can put this RAM in the ram slots of your laptop. You need to press the power button for at least 1 minutes after removing battery of your laptop. This will reset the BIOS and then you can put your ram into respective slot. Put the ba
★★★★★
★★★★★

Naresh Raikar

Apr 27, 2014

The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Decent Ram...Go For It..

Received the RAM in 2 days..Thanks flipkart,as usual they delivered before the delivery date

Coming to the RAM,it was easy to install.Not much difference in laptop performance,but its running better compared to earlier with 2GB RAM.
Looking for decent RAM,this definitely will suit you...
★★★★★
★★★★★

Archit Bharadwaj

Oct 7, 2013

First to review
The 'certified buyer' badge indicates that this user has purchased this product on flipkart.com.
certified buyer

Good addition to my netbook

I bought this for upgrading my netbook memory to 2GB (Aspire one d255). After using it for a month now, I can say it has made my laptop more efficient and responsive. I do not find any deadlock conditions in the applications I use, which I would frequently encounter when it had just 1 GB. Highly recommended.
Were these reviews helpful?
Yes
No
Thanks for your vote!
Please write your feedback before submitting.
 

PAYMENT METHOD

POWERED BY
Loading ...