History Of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell was written in 1945 and is a summary of western philosophy from the ancient times before the arrival of Socrates to the philosophy preached by those in the Twentieth Century. It is considered to be a bestseller in its own genre, and the book also earned a Nobel Prize for the author. The content of the book is divided into three main sections—Ancient Philosophy, Catholic Philosophy, and Modern Philosophy. The Ancient philosophy first mentions the period before Socrates and includes the thinking of Pythagoras, Thales, Anaxagoras, and many others. It further mentions the philosophy of Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. The thinking of the philosophers after Aristotle, such as Plotinus, and the Epicureans, Sceptics, Stoics, and Cynics are also mentioned. The Catholic Philosophy section talks about the evolution of the Jewish and Islamic philosophies along with the thinking of St Ambrose, St Augustine, St Jerome, St Benedict, and others. The Modern Philosophy section gives information about the philosophers from the time of Renaissance, which include Machiavelli, Bacon, Descartes, Locke, and several other great thinkers. The philosophy of Rousseau and the other thinkers of 20th Century are mentioned in this part. There is a separate chapter in this part, where the thinking of Bertrand Russell is also mentioned.
Bertrand Russell was born on May 18, 1872, in Monmouthshire in an Aristocratic family. He is the author of many popular books, including The Analysis Of Mind and The Problems Of Philosophy. He was infamous for his anti-war campaigns, for which he was arrested on several occasions in Britain. Philosophy was his domain of interest, and he received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. He died on February 2, 1970, at the age of 97.