Loic Wacquant is one of the most influential sociological theorists of the contemporary era with his research and writings resonating widely across the social sciences. This edited collection critically responds to Wacquant's distinct approach to understanding the contemporary urban condition in advanced capitalist societies. It comprises chapters focused on Europe and North America from leading international scholars and new emergent voices, which chart new empirical, theoretical and methodological territory. Pivoting on the relationship between class, ethnicity and the state in the (re-)making of urban marginality, the volume takes stock of Wacquant's body of work and assesses its value as a springboard for rethinking urban inequality in polarizing times. Heeding Wacquant's call for constant theoretical critique and development in understanding dynamic urban relations and processes, the contributions challenge, develop and refine Wacquant's framework, while also synthesizing it with other perspectives and bringing it into dialogue with new areas of inquiry. How can Wacquant's work aid the empirical understanding of today's complex urban inequalities? And how can empirical investigation and theoretical synthesis aid the development of Wacquant's framework? The diverse contributors to the collection ask these, and other, searching questions - and Wacquant responds to this critique in the final chapter. This book will be of interest to scholars engaged in understanding the drivers, contexts, and potential responses to contemporary urban marginality.