Despite good industrial growth, the modern sector is unable to provide employment to the surplus and marginal labor force in an urban area. The surplus labor has made a valiant effort to carve out a niche for its own living and subsistence, within the urban economic system, undertaking a variety of informal productive activities known as the informal sector (ILO, 1972).
In India, urban informal sector (IS) includes a number of activities in its ambits. Milk production and distribution is one such productive activity undertaken by a section of under-privileged urbanites (Gowalas). Small scale producers mostly carry out their production activities either in the far end of the urban boundaries or in the open spaces available in the cities and towns.
Dr Jugal Saikia has a master’s degree in economics and a doctorate from North Eastern Hill University (NEHU) Shillong, Meghalaya. In spite of being born in a down-trodden family from a very remote village of Khalihamari, Dhemaji District, Assam, he completed his education successfully. He has twenty-one years of service as a lecturer, selection grade professor and associate professor of economics in Goreswar College, undivided Kamrup District. In 2010, he joined the North Bank College, Ghilamara, Lakhimpur District as principal. During twenty-four years of his academic career, he specialized in the field of rural and informal economics. He has guided two students with their M Phil degrees and is currently guiding two students pursuing their doctorates.
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