Gaban (Hindi) is one of the most popular novels by the acclaimed writer. It revolves around the central character of Ramanath, who commits a foolish mistake in his blind love for his wife.
Summary Of The Book
Gaban (Hindi) is a story of a man’s love for his wife and his misguided attempts to satisfy her love for jewelry. Ramanath is a young man who marries the lovely Jalpa, under false pretenses. He has projected his family as wealthy and prosperous, while actually, they are in deep debt.
Ramanath's father worked for a government department, an honest employee who never ventured on the path of corruption. But, he borrowed heavily to conduct the marriage of his son and is now in debt. The family silently take the jewelry that Jalpa brought with her, and sell it to pay off their debt, telling Jalpa that her jewels were stolen.
Jalpa is not too upset as she believes that her rich husband will just buy her new jewels. Rama is deeply in love with his beautiful wife, and wants to fulfil all her desires, including her inordinate love for jewels. Rama starts taking bribes to buy the jewels that his wife wants. This starts the downwards spiral of his life. He buys jewels on credit and is unable to pay the jewellers. Ultimately, he even steals money from his workplace in a desperate attempt to pay off an urgent debt.
This act of Gaban (embezzlement), however frightens him, and he flees from home, leaving a letter to his wife explaining what has happened. He boards a train to Calcutta and an older man takes takes pity on him, buys his passage to Calcutta, and ultimately takes him to his own home.
Meanwhile, Jalpa is struck by remorse by what her lust for jewels has led her husband to do. She sells all her jewelry and clears all his debts, including the money taken from his office. She then tries desperately to locate him. In Calcutta, Rama is unaware of all this and his fear of the police and suspicious behavior leads to his arrest. He confesses his crimes to the police, who find that there are actually no charges against him. They don’t tell him this and play on his fears to incite him to give false testimonies, against a few people they have arrested for a spate of dacoity in the region.
Gaban (Hindi) is a tale of how greed and weak character can ruin a man. It is also a tale of love and redemption, as the wife repents for her material cravings which led to her husband’s ruin, while she tries to save him from himself.
Premchand was a writer in Urdu and Hindi.
A few of his other works are Devasthan Rahasya, Roothi Rani, Vardaan, Premashram, Pratigya, Karmabhoomi, and Duniya ka Sabse Anmol Ratan.
Premchand was born in 1880. His original name was Dhanpat Rai Srivastav. He generally wrote in both, Urdu and Hindi. He initially used the pen name, Nawab Rai, but later changed it to Premchand. He also translated some of the best literature from other languages into Hindi, including stories by Leo Tolstoy. He is considered as one of the greatest writers in Hindustani literature.
31 Dec, 2011
Must read for everyone who has inclination towards Precious metals and stones !!
10 Mar, 2013
22 Oct, 2016
Nice light read
4 Jul, 2014
One of the best titles of Premchand.
17 Jun, 2014
A Master Piece..
13 Aug, 2013
the fascinating story of relations and emotions
19 Feb, 2013