This book deals with the unraveling of some of the misunderstood phenomena of the world we live in. We have traced these phenomena as the ancients perceived them, to the time in the eighteenth century AD onwards when the European scientists unraveled the truths through experimentations, observations, analyses, and interpretations. This unraveling involved a number of different subjects such as physics, nuclear physics, astronomy, chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, geology, mathematics, paleontology, geography, oceanography, evolution, as well as different aspects of biology and social sciences. Further, this book deals with our definition of life, birth, death, creations, reincarnations, evolution, the purpose of creation, and evolution as a process in overcoming physical shortcomings in the plant and animal world and finally achieving the human form. From then on the focus of reincarnations is on using all the knowledge gained so far in increasing the reasoning powers so that our lives have a purpose and direction which it had lacked so far. This book will be of interest to all educated laymen as well as professionals. It could also be useful as an introductory text book on advances in general science for the 9th and 10th grade students of schools, so that they understand why they have to study so many different subjects, and the purpose of leading a disciplined life.