The book, written with a rich teaching and research experience of the author, emphasises the critical evaluation of contemporary human rights law and practice with special reference to India. It evaluates the ongoing discourse on various issues relating to life, liberty, equality, and human dignity and their reflections in international human rights law referring to the state practices through constitutional guarantees, judicial decisions as well as through enacting appropriate legislations. This lucid and comprehensive book is logically organised into nine chapters. Beginning with the theoretical foundations of human rights law referring to origin, development, and theories of human rights at the preliminary level, the book proceeds to "International Bill of Human Rights" demonstrating various facets of civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights. It further discusses the importance of human rights law in protection against inhuman wrongs and examines a large number of debates concerning human rights to the development and protection of the environment. Then, it moves on to explore various issues relating to human rights in Indian Constitutional Law. The second half of the book emphasises the protection of the rights of women and children, which has been the focal point of all human rights discussions. It also deals with the scope and ambit of the rights of indigenous peoples and minorities including their protection. At the end, the book examines the utility and justifications of human rights law in protecting the rights of people with disabilities (divyang). NEW TO THIS EDITION Law on HIV/AIDS Management Covid-19 Management law Legislative aspect of protection of the environment Recent law on triple talaq Decriminalisation of adultery Right of Hindu women to offer worship in Sabrimala temple Right to access to justice, judicial review, legal aid, and speedy trial Surrogacy and reproductive right Law on POSCO Hard law and soft law, and Recent law on divyang Though the book is primarily designed for LL.B., B.A.LL.B., LL.M., and courses on human rights, it will be equally beneficial for the researchers, academicians, jurists, lawyers, judges as well as members of civil societies. Target Audience LL.B., B.A.LL.B., LL.M., and courses on human rights.