Many wildlife species in India are under tremendous threat from different sources, mainly from poaching, man-animal conflict, and deforestation. Their survival is dependent on strong laws and support from the Government, from the public, from NGOs and particularly from children who will, we hope, become aware of the threat to these endangered species and go on to support strongly the many projects working towards their survival. Fortunately, efforts are being made torehabilitate many endangered animals like, for example the Tiger, Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Barasingha, and Gharial. The Asiatic Lion, which adorns the national emblem, is only to be found in the Gir National Park in Gujarat. The central Indian Barasingha in Kanha National Park is the only species of its kind in the world. Some of the other globally important endangered species in India are the Gharial, Hangul, Snow Leopard, Lion-tailed Macaque, and the Gangetic River Dolphin. The primary aim of this book is to create a greater awareness of the real danger to wildlife in India and to promote the preservation of that wildlife.